Livelihood Project

Urban poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon often characterized by cumulative deprivations. One dimension of poverty is often the cause of or contributor to another dimension. The poor in cities suffer from various deprivations such as poor access to employment, adequate housing and infrastructure, low social protection, lack of access to health care, education and poor personal security.

Kutoka Network initiated a livelihood programme aimed at supporting communities earning a living through the Dandora dumpsite and other vulnerable communities living in absolute poverty find an alternative safer and health friendly alternative livelihoods. The first phase of the programme has involved media publicity and awareness creation among the project targets. The second phase will concentrate more on fundraising to help the target beneficiaries start or/and expand small business enterprises to be able to provide for their families.

Main objectives

The targeted groups are poor women-headed households and the economically marginalized groups. Therefore, the main aim of this project is to empower communities affected by the dumpsite to influence its relocation, as well as the rehabilitation of adults and children who have been denied the right to education, livelihood and decent work. By enhancing their capacity to engage in safe alternative livelihoods, the project will develop appropriate rehabilitation models for adults and children that may be emulated by government and other actors in the course of relocating and rehabilitating the dumpsite. The model may also serve to provide replicable solutions for other urban dumpsites in Kenya.

The core problem to be addressed is exploitative and hazardous economic activities engaged in by poor people living in the slums around the Dandora dumpsite.

Further the project seeks to ensure that the right to employment and decent working conditions for the people working in the Dandora dumpsite are protected through supporting them to engage in safer and more humane alternative sources of livelihood. To achieve this strategic result, the project seeks:

  • To continue supporting the 100 beneficiaries with their small scale guided business  as a strategy to sustain self employment,
  • To train the 100 beneficiaries on counselling skills to enable them live meaningfully.
  • Continue to impart basic financial management and accounting skills to project beneficiaries,
  • To empower youth and women on economic self reliance.
  • To redouble advocacy with the government and non state actors for the enactment and implementation of a Solid Waste Management framework pursuant to article 42 of the Constitution i.e. Right to clean and healthy environment.

Project activities

Awareness creation

In light of article 43 of the new Constitution greater advocacy is needed on our part in order to ensure that the government comes up with interventions to mitigate the case of the urban poor.

The need for advocacy in view of the weak enforcement of public laws and policies is urgent considering the lackadaisical enforcement of existing policies on employment such as labour laws, minimum wages, occupational health and safety laws among others. Lack of awareness on these laws and threat of dismissal also prevents employees from complaining or seeking redress. In any case, most of them are ‘permanently’ casual workers.

The project will organize awareness sessions with major stakeholders to build their capacities to participate actively in the campaigns and understand why the livelihood programme is important. The outputs of this activity will be a more informed community on environment and solid waste management and the role of alternative livelihood in addressing environmental problems. The results of this awareness exercise will be an integrated approach to solid waste management and support for women and children working at the dumpsite to get alternative sources of livelihood directly or indirectly. There is also a need for guidance and counselling program to complete the holistic approach and thus various capacity-building workshops will be organized.

Documentation and knowledge sharing

  • Video taping and photographing will be instrumental.
  • Data collected shall be stored in our resource centre.
  • Beneficiaries’ participation in project planning, reviewing, and monitoring through their Committee.


There will be a continuous monitoring process through out the project life cycle to ensure that the project is implemented according to the set plan and that any deviations are identified and corrected on time. The output of this activity will be regular monitoring reports.

The project will be evaluated internally every quarter while an external evaluation exercise will be done at the end of the pilot project. The output of this activity will be internal evaluation reports and an external evaluation report. This activity will result into decisions regarding the next phase of the project.

The monitoring and evaluation team comprising of KUTOKA members and representatives of the beneficiaries will continue to be engaged from phase two project inception to termination stages. Monitoring will involve an on going process while evaluation will be done quarterly and will involve other stakeholders alongside KUTOKA members and project beneficiaries. Monitoring and Evaluation will seek to achieve the following objectives:

  • To enable the project meet its objectives and lead to the desired results,
  • Build greater accountability and transparency in terms of use of resources,
  • To continuously generate information which will guide the project in decision making processes,
  • To improve the project planning and development based on lessons learnt from previous experiences.